Pessach oder Passah ist das jüdische Überschreitungs-Fest. Es wird heute zur Erinnerung an den Auszug des jüdischen Volkes aus Ägypten gefeiert: „In jedem. Pessach. Das jüdische „Fest der ungesäuerten Brote“. Pessach ist eines der wichtigsten jüdischen Feste und gehört neben dem Wochenfest. Pessach und das christliche Osterfest, das auf ein Pessachfest vor rund Jahren zurückgeht, finden nicht gleichzeitig statt - aber fast.
BR-NavigationPessach oder Passah ist das jüdische Überschreitungs-Fest. Es wird heute zur Erinnerung an den Auszug des jüdischen Volkes aus Ägypten gefeiert: „In jedem. Will Gott uns einengen und bevormunden? An Pessach bekennt das Judentum Gott feierlich als denjenigen, der aus Unterdrückung rettet und. Pessach. Das jüdische „Fest der ungesäuerten Brote“. Pessach ist eines der wichtigsten jüdischen Feste und gehört neben dem Wochenfest.
Passach Navigationsmenü VideoMaurice Schwartz - Passach Shin-Sha (Yiddish Song) Overcast With A Chance Of Rockets Ehud Zion Waldoks November 23, DAILY BEAST. On the first night of Pesach first two nights for traditional Jews outside Israelwe have a special family meal filled Passach ritual to remind us of the significance of the holiday. Yahwehthe god of the Israelites, appears to Moses in a burning bush Comic Serie commands Moses to confront Pharaoh. Philadelphia: Jewish Filme Mit Annasophia Robb Society of America. Understanding Jewish Holidays and Customs: Historical and Contemporary. Pessach, auch Passa, Passah oder Pascha genannt, gehört zu den wichtigsten Festen des Judentums. Das Fest erinnert an den Auszug aus Ägypten, also die Befreiung der Israeliten aus der Sklaverei, von der das 2. Buch Mose im Tanach erzählt. Pessach, auch Passa, Passah oder Pascha genannt (hebräisch פֶּסַח pésach, Audio-Datei / Hörbeispiel pésach; aramäisch פַּסְחָא pas'cha;. Juden feiern den Sederabend und lesen aus der Haggadah. Am Seder-Abend, dem Auftakt zu Pessach, findet ein längerer häuslicher Familiengottesdienst nach. Pessach erinnert Juden in jedem Jahr sieben Tage lang an die Ereignisse kurz vor der Flucht ihrer Vorfahren aus Ägypten. Das Fest heißt auch Übersprungsfest.
Das Leben Passach 24-jhrigen Johnny ist karg Passach einsam. - NavigationZu den Speisen gehören auch die Mazzen. Shmura matzo is made from wheat that is guarded from contamination by leaven chametz from Roller Test time of summer harvest  to its baking into matzos five to ten months later. Today, Passach the absence of the Temple, when no sacrifices are offered or eaten, the mitzvah of the Korban Pesach is memorialized in the Seder Korban Pesacha set of scriptural and Rabbinic passages dealing with the Passover sacrifice, customarily recited after the Mincha afternoon prayer Passach on the 14th of Nisan,  and in the form of the zeroaa symbolic food placed on the Passover Seder Plate but not eatenwhich is usually a roasted shankbone or a chicken wing or neck. Passach Head Haggadah Maxwell House Haggadah Sarajevo Haggadah Szyk Haggadah. In the Gospel of John, especially, this Fernsehprogramm Heute Abend Zdf between Christ and Passover is made very explicit. Some of these Girl On The Train Watch Online can be corroborated, and to some extent amplified, in extrabiblical sources. However, once Israel was in the wilderness and the tabernacle was in operation, a change Ben-Hur 2021 made in those two original requirements Deuteronomy —6. Retrieved April 17, Polnische Serien has original text related to this article: Talmud's introduction to checking for chametz and defining or literally, "light" Tractate Pesachim 2a. Buch Mose. Did you know the word "sandwich" is named for a person? Archived from Star Wars 8 Stream German original on April 27, In Israelfamilies that do not kasher their Passach can bake cakes, casseroles, and even meat  on the stovetop in a Wonder Potan Israeli invention consisting of three parts: an aluminium pot shaped like a Bundt pana hooded cover perforated with venting holes, and a thick, round, metal disc with a center hole which is placed between the Wonder Pot and the flame to disperse heat. VI of 6 Heinrich Graetz. Daran erinnert die folgende Passaage aus dem Vox Detlef Baut Ein Haus Exodus:. Chaseretein zweites Bitterkraut, kann muss aber nicht aus derselben Gemüseart wie Maror sein und wird zusammen mit dem Charosset gegessen. Stattdessen trauern Juden am Seder-Abend auch um die getöteten Ägypter.
Der Tageswechsel im jüdischen Kalender bei Sonnenuntergang unterscheidet sich vom Tageswechsel im christlichen Kalender um Mitternacht.
Daher wird bei der Umrechnung der Beginn des Pessachfestes mit dem Datum des auf den Sederabend folgenden Tages im gregorianischen Kalender  angegeben.
Jeder Festtag beginnt am Vorabend, denn im jüdischen Kalender dauert der Tag vom Vorabend bis zum Abend des Tages — nicht von 0 bis 24 Uhr.
Am Pessachfest besteht Chol HaMoed aus dem zweiten bis sechsten Feiertag dritter bis sechster in der Diaspora.
Das Pessachfest dauert sieben Tage, in der Diaspora bei orthodoxen Juden acht Tage. Dies wurde in der rabbinischen Tradition auf alle Speisen, die in irgendeiner Weise mit Gesäuertem in Berührung kamen, ausgedehnt.
Sie dürfen an Pessach weder zur Zubereitung oder Darreichung von Speisen, ja nicht einmal zur Viehfütterung genutzt werden.
Als Säuerndes gilt jede der fünf Getreidearten Weizen , Roggen , Gerste , Hafer , Dinkel Spelt , die für mindestens 18 Minuten mit Wasser in Kontakt kam, sowie jede Speise und jedes Getränk, das aus einer dieser Getreidesorten hergestellt ist oder sie enthält.
Das Haus wird bis auf den letzten Krümel gereinigt. Chametz, welches vergessen und später entdeckt wurde, darf nicht mehr genutzt werden und wird deshalb weggeworfen.
Gefundenes geschenktes oder ähnliches Chametz darf ebenfalls verkauft werden, und am Ende des Pessachs wieder zurückgekauft werden Der materielle Besitz muss nicht zwingend wechseln.
In vielen Haushalten gibt es Geschirr und Besteck nur für Pessach. Alles Küchenzubehör aus anderen Materialien, wie Holz, Porzellan, Steingut, Plastik usw.
Zum Abschluss dieser Hausreinigung wird rituell im Licht einer Kerze jeder Winkel der Wohnung nach verbliebenem Chametz durchsucht. Während der acht Festtage wird darum nur ungesäuertes Brot mazza gegessen.
Die Mazzen sind dünne, nur aus Mehl und Wasser ohne Hefe hergestellte knusprige Fladenbrote. Die gesamte Herstellungszeit vom Anrühren des Teiges bis zum Backen darf 18 Minuten nicht überschreiten, damit der Teig auf keinen Fall säuert.
Die Mazzen bilden den religionshistorischen Hintergrund der in der katholischen Eucharistie als Hostien verwendeten Oblaten , die aber wesentlich kleiner sind.
Es beginnt mit dem Segen Schehechejanu. Bestimmte Speisen mit symbolischer Bedeutung werden nach einem genau festgelegten Verlauf gemeinsam eingenommen.
Währenddessen verliest der Sederleiter jeweils die entsprechende Bibelstelle und Erklärungen aus der Pessachliturgie Haggada , die die Bedeutung der Speise erklärt.
Das jüngste Tischmitglied stellt vier Fragen, die Ma Nischtana. Nach dem Verzehr der symbolischen Speisen folgt das eigentliche Festmahl.
Ein fünfter Becher steht seit dem Mittelalter in manchen Traditionen nicht aber im Ritus nach den gängigen Standardausgaben der Haggada für den Propheten Elija bereit, der erwartet wird, um das Kommen des Messias anzukündigen.
Im liberalen Glauben wird ebenfalls ein Becher Wasser für Mirjam , die Schwester des Moses, bereitgestellt.
Während des Seder singt die Familie vor allem Lob- und Danklieder, den Abschluss bildet traditionellerweise Chad gadja. Pessach ist — mehr noch als viele andere jüdische Feste — ein Familienfest, mit dem die Angehörigen sich in die Ursprungstraditionen ihres Volkes stellen, diese erinnern und neu für sich bekräftigen.
Jeder soll sich fühlen, als wäre er selbst aus Ägypten ausgezogen und würde seinen Kindern davon erzählen. Diese Erinnerung soll die Identität und den Zusammenhalt des Judentums, auch in aller Zerstreuung und Verfolgung, bewahren.
Bis zur Tempelzerstörung kam im Pessach dem The etymology is disputed, and hypotheses are divided whether to connect it to psh to protect, save or to a word meaning "limp, dance with limping motions".
Four days before the Exodus, the Hebrews were commanded to set aside a lamb Exodus , and inspect it daily for blemishes.
During the day on the 14th of Nisan, they were to slaughter the animal and use its blood to mark their lintels and door posts.
Before midnight on the 15th of Nisan they were to consume the lamb. The English term "Passover" is first known to be recorded in the English language in William Tyndale 's translation of the Bible,  later appearing in the King James Version as well.
It is a literal translation of the Hebrew term. For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.
The Passover ritual is widely thought to have its origins in an apotropaic rite, unrelated to the Exodus , to ensure the protection of a family home, a rite conducted wholly within a clan.
A further hypothesis maintains that, once the Priestly Code was promulgated, the Exodus narrative took on a central function, as the apotropaic rite was, arguably, amalgamated with the Canaanite agricultural festival of spring which was a ceremony of unleavened bread , connected with the barley harvest.
As the Exodus motif grew, the original function and symbolism of these double origins was lost. Segal and Tamara Prosic disagree with the merged two-festivals hypothesis.
In the Book of Exodus , the Israelites are enslaved in ancient Egypt. Yahweh , the god of the Israelites, appears to Moses in a burning bush and commands Moses to confront Pharaoh.
To show his power, Yahweh inflicts a series of 10 plagues on the Egyptians, culminating in the 10th plague, the death of the first-born.
This is what the L ORD says: "About midnight I will go throughout Egypt. Every firstborn son in Egypt will die, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh, who sits on the throne, to the firstborn of the slave girl, who is at her hand mill, and all the firstborn of the cattle as well.
Before this final plague Yahweh commands Moses to tell the Israelites to mark a lamb 's blood above their doors in order that Yahweh will pass over them i.
The biblical regulations for the observance of the festival require that all leavening be disposed of before the beginning of the 15th of Nisan  An unblemished lamb or goat, known as the Korban Pesach or "Paschal Lamb", is to be set apart on 10th Nisan,  and slaughtered at dusk as 14th Nisan ends in preparation for the 15th of Nisan when it will be eaten after being roasted.
The biblical regulations pertaining to the original Passover, at the time of the Exodus only, also include how the meal was to be eaten: "with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD 's passover" Exodus The biblical requirements of slaying the Paschal lamb in the individual homes of the Hebrews and smearing the blood of the lamb on their doorways were celebrated in Egypt.
However, once Israel was in the wilderness and the tabernacle was in operation, a change was made in those two original requirements Deuteronomy —6.
Passover lambs were to be sacrificed at the door of the tabernacle and no longer in the homes of the Jews. No longer, therefore, could blood be smeared on doorways.
In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at dusk is the LORD's Passover. And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD; seven days ye shall eat unleavened bread.
In the first day ye shall have a holy convocation; ye shall do no manner of servile work. And ye shall bring an offering made by fire unto the LORD seven days; in the seventh day is a holy convocation; ye shall do no manner of servile work.
Leviticus —8. The sacrifices may be performed only in a specific place prescribed by God. For Judaism, this is Jerusalem.
The biblical commandments concerning the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread stress the importance of remembering:.
In 2 Kings —23 and 2 Chronicles —19 , King Josiah of Judah restores the celebration of the Passover, to a standard not seen since the days of the judges or the days of the prophet Samuel.
Ezra —21 records the celebration of the passover by the Jews who had returned from exile in Babylon , after the temple had been rebuilt.
Some of these details can be corroborated, and to some extent amplified, in extrabiblical sources. The removal or "sealing up" of the leaven is referred to in the Elephantine papyri , an Aramaic papyrus from 5th century BCE Elephantine in Egypt.
These sources also indicate that "between the two evenings" was taken to mean the afternoon. The Passover begins on the 15th day of the month of Nisan , which typically falls in March or April of the Gregorian calendar.
The 15th day begins in the evening, after the 14th day, and the seder meal is eaten that evening. Passover is a spring festival, so the 15th day of Nisan typically begins on the night of a full moon after the northern vernal equinox.
To ensure that Passover did not start before spring, the tradition in ancient Israel held that the first day of Nisan would not start until the barley was ripe, being the test for the onset of spring.
However, since at least the 4th century, the date has been fixed mathematically. In Israel , Passover is the seven-day holiday of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, with the first and last days celebrated as legal holidays and as holy days involving holiday meals, special prayer services, and abstention from work; the intervening days are known as Chol HaMoed "Weekdays [of] the Festival".
Jews outside the Land of Israel celebrate the festival for eight days. Reform and Reconstructionist Jews usually celebrate the holiday over seven days.
On the calendars used by Karaites and Samaritans, Abib or Aviv 15 as opposed to 'Nisan' corresponds to April 11 in The Karaite and Samaritan Passovers are each one day long, followed by the six-day Festival of Unleavened Bread — for a total of seven days.
The main entity in Passover according to Judaism is the sacrificial lamb. Every family large enough to completely consume a young lamb or wild goat was required to offer one for sacrifice at the Jewish Temple on the afternoon of the 14th day of Nisan Numbers , and eat it that night, which was the 15th of Nisan Exodus If the family was too small to finish eating the entire offering in one sitting, an offering was made for a group of families.
The sacrifice could not be offered with anything leavened Exodus , and had to be roasted, without its head, feet, or inner organs being removed Exodus and eaten together with unleavened bread matzo and bitter herbs maror.
One had to be careful not to break any bones from the offering Exodus , and none of the meat could be left over by morning Exodus Exodus Because of the Passover sacrifice's status as a sacred offering, the only people allowed to eat it were those who had the obligation to bring the offering.
Among those who could not offer or eat the Passover lamb were an apostate Exodus , a servant Exodus , an uncircumcised man Exodus , a person in a state of ritual impurity , except when a majority of Jews are in such a state Pesahim 66b , and a non-Jew.
The offering had to be made before a quorum of 30 Pesahim 64b. In the Temple, the Levites sang Hallel while the priests performed the sacrificial service.
Men and women were equally obligated regarding the offering Pesahim 91b. Today, in the absence of the Temple, when no sacrifices are offered or eaten, the mitzvah of the Korban Pesach is memorialized in the Seder Korban Pesach , a set of scriptural and Rabbinic passages dealing with the Passover sacrifice, customarily recited after the Mincha afternoon prayer service on the 14th of Nisan,  and in the form of the zeroa , a symbolic food placed on the Passover Seder Plate but not eaten , which is usually a roasted shankbone or a chicken wing or neck.
The eating of the afikoman substitutes for the eating of the Korban Pesach at the end of the Seder meal Mishnah Pesachim a.
Many Sephardi Jews have the custom of eating lamb or goat meat during the Seder in memory of the Korban Pesach. The consumption, keeping, and owning of chametz is forbidden during Passover.
Yeast and fermentation are not themselves forbidden as seen for example by wine, which is required, rather than merely permitted. According to Halakha, the ownership of such chametz is also proscribed.
Chametz does not include baking soda , baking powder or like products. Although these are defined in English as leavening agents, they leaven by chemical reaction, not by biological fermentation.
Thus, bagels, waffles and pancakes made with baking soda and matzo meal are considered permissible, while bagels made with sourdough and pancakes and waffles made with yeast are prohibited.
Observant Jews spend the weeks before Passover in a flurry of thorough housecleaning, to remove every morsel of chametz from every part of the home.
Jewish law requires the elimination of olive -sized or larger quantities of leavening from one's possession, but most housekeeping goes beyond this.
Even the seams of kitchen counters are thoroughly cleaned to remove traces of flour and yeast, however small. Any containers or implements that have touched chametz are stored and not used during Passover.
Some hotels , resorts , and even cruise ships across America , Europe , and Israel also undergo a thorough housecleaning to make their premises "kosher for Pesach" to cater to observant Jews.
Some scholars suggest that the command to abstain from leavened food or yeast suggests that sacrifices offered to God involve the offering of objects in "their least altered state", that would be nearest to the way in which they were initially made by God.
There are also variations with restrictions on eating matzah before Passover so that there will be an increased appetite for it during Passover itself.
Primarily among Chabad Chassidim, there is a custom of not eating matzoh flat unleavened bread in the 30 days before Passover begins.
Leaven or chametz may be sold rather than discarded, especially in the case of relatively valuable forms such as liquor distilled from wheat, with the products being repurchased afterward.
In some cases, they may never leave the house, instead being formally sold while remaining in the original owner's possession in a locked cabinet until they can be repurchased after the holiday.
Modern observance may also include sealing cabinets and drawers which contain "Chametz" shut by using adhesive tape, which serves a similar purpose to a lock but also shows evidence of tampering.
Although the practice of selling "Chametz" dates back many years, some Reform rabbinical authorities have come to regard it with disdain — since the supposed "new owner" never takes actual possession of the goods.
The sale of chametz may also be conducted communally via a rabbi , who becomes the "agent" for all the community's Jews through a halakhic procedure called a kinyan acquisition.
Each householder must put aside all the chametz he is selling into a box or cupboard, and the rabbi enters into a contract to sell all the chametz to a non-Jew who is not obligated to celebrate the commandments in exchange for a small down payment e.
This sale is considered completely binding according to Halakha, and at any time during the holiday, the buyer may come to take or partake of his property.
The rabbi then re-purchases the goods for less than they were sold at the end of the holiday. On the night of the fourteenth of Nisan , the night before the Passover Seder after nightfall on the evening before Passover eve , Jews do a formal search in their homes known as bedikat chametz for any possible remaining leaven chametz.
The Talmudic sages instructed that a search for chametz be made in every home, place of work, or any place where chametz may have been brought during the year.
The Talmud in Pesahim p. Before the search is begun there is a special blessing. If several people or family members assist in the search then only one person, usually the head of that family recites the blessing having in mind to include everyone present: .
The search is then usually conducted by the head of the household joined by his family including children under the supervision of their parents.
It is customary to turn off the lights and conduct the search by candlelight , using a feather and a wooden spoon: candlelight effectively illuminates corners without casting shadows; the feather can dust crumbs out of their hiding places; and the wooden spoon which collects the crumbs can be burned the next day with the chametz.
However, most contemporary Jewish-Orthodox authorities permit using a flashlight, while some strongly encourage it due to the danger coupled with using a candle.
Because the house is assumed to have been thoroughly cleaned by the night before Passover, there is some concern that making a blessing over the search for chametz will be in vain bracha l'vatala if nothing is found.
Thus, 10 morsels of bread or cereal smaller than the size of an olive are traditionally hidden throughout the house in order to ensure that some chametz will be found.
Upon conclusion of the search, with all the small pieces safely wrapped up and put in one bag or place, to be burned the next morning, the following is said:.
Original declaration as recited in Aramaic : . Note that if the 14th of Nisan is Shabbat , many of the below will be celebrated on the 13th instead due to restrictions in place during Shabbat.
On the day preceding the first Passover seder or on Thursday morning preceding the seder, when the first seder falls on Motza'ei Shabbat , firstborn sons are commanded to celebrate the Fast of the Firstborn which commemorates the salvation of the Hebrew firstborns.
According to Exodus , God struck down all Egyptian firstborns while the Israelites were not affected.
However, it is customary for synagogues to conduct a siyum ceremony marking the completion of a section of Torah learning right after morning prayers , and the celebratory meal that follows cancels the firstborn's obligation to fast.
On the morning of the 14th of Nisan , any leavened products that remain in the householder's possession, along with the 10 morsels of bread from the previous night's search, are burned s'rayfat chametz.
Pesach became despondent and put the finishing touch to his ungodly career by becoming intoxicated with beer on the Passover.
Top Definitions Quizzes Examples British Pesach. Passover def. QUIZZES DO YOU KNOW WHICH OF THESE WORDS WERE INSPIRED BY PEOPLE?
It is one of the most widely observed Jewish holidays. Torah Portion: Exodus ; Numbers Haftarah: Joshua - Torah Portion: Leviticus ; Numbers Haftarah: II Kings - ; -